Admission Open: Value Investing Workshops – Offline (Mumbai) and Online
1. Offline Workshop: Mumbai – After a gap of 2 years, I am when with my live, offline Value Investing workshop. The first session is planned in Mumbai on Sunday, 22nd January 2023. I am unsuspicious only 50 students for this session, and less than 20 seats remain now. Click here to know increasingly and join the Mumbai workshop.
2. Online Workshop – Admissions are moreover unshut for the January 2023 cohort of my online value investing workshop. The workshop involves 22 hours of pre-recorded, detailed lectures and Q&A sessions, plus a 3-hour live online Q&A session scheduled on Sunday, 15th January 2023. I am unsuspicious 50 students in this cohort, and less than 10 seats remain now. Click here to know increasingly and join the online workshop.
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Right surpassing the year ends, I thought I’d share a handful of ideas I’ve read, learned, re-learned, and wrote well-nigh in the past twelve months. Here are 35 of them, in no particular order of importance. I hope you find these useful, as much as I did.
1. The Investor’s Manifesto
This is for you. This is from someone like you.
It is an Investor’s Manifesto.
It is something you can reflect when on if you overly felt stuck in your investing life.
If you believe in it, follow it, and stand for it, your investing life will be good.
Click here to download the manifesto.
Read it. Print it. Frame it. Squatter it. Remember it. Do it.
This is YOUR Manifesto.
And if you find value in it, please share it.
2. Long Term Investing is Hard
The biggest reasons increasingly people do not practice long term investing are that –
- It flies in the squatter of anything taught in merchantry schools – that is, short termism – where most influencers/experts come from,
- It requires a painful stratum of patience considering it is only over long periods of time that the market sooner gravitates toward value,
- Life spans of businesses and their competitive wholesomeness periods, on an average, are shortening,
- Our sustentation spans and holding periods are shrinking, and
- Noise is magnifying.
Given all of this, long term investing has wilt an increasingly difficult and contrarian endeavour. And so, not many investors have the worthiness or the wherewithal to practice it.
In fact, most people participating in the stock market don’t plane understand what they are doing. This is expressly when making money gets quick and easy, and they are doing unconfined at it.
Like Aesop’s wolf in sheep’s clothing, they play a role undisciplined to their real character, which often leads them to the slaughterhouse.
However, the lack of patience of such people to invest with a long-term horizon creates the opportunity for the few single-minded to long-term holding periods.
In the wrestle between impatience and patience, the latter wins.
With over nineteen years of practicing long term investing with sincerity and with decent success (purely based on personal standards of success), and seeing a lot of my fellow investors waif out due to their misdoubt in its continuity and now ruing their decisions, I can vouch for this powerful idea.
Long term investing is certainly hard, but if you know how to deal well with its hardness, it’s totally worth it.
3. How to Survive Complexity of Financial Markets
I think the most important qualities that you need to survive the complexity of the financial markets are a combination of –
- Humility, and
- Fine-tuned bullshit detector.
You need humility to prevent yourself from overcomplicating investing increasingly than it needs to be and taking risks greater than you’re worldly-wise to handle.
And you need a fine-tuned bullshit detector to protect yourself from the swarms of sales pitches and get-rich-quick schemes that plague the industry.
There are other things – a good grasp of vital arithmetic and accounting, elapsed gratification, and the worthiness to live unelevated your means. But those first two are most important.
4. Surpassing You Seek Investment Advice
When someone on TV says (or a journalist writes), “You should do X with your money,” stop and think: How do you know me? How do you know my goals? How do you know my short-term spending needs? How do you know my risk tolerance?
Of course, they don’t. Which ways you shouldn’t pay much sustentation to it. Personal finance is very personal, which ways broad, general, translating can be dangerous.
For media, I’m most interested in historical finance, which helps put investing into proper context, and behavioural finance, which lets you frame investing based virtually your own goals, flaws, and skills. But taking uncontrived translating from someone who has never met you is asking for trouble (this includes me).
5. How to Manage Risk of Randomness in Investing
“All of life is a management of risk, not its elimination,” writes Walter Wriston, former chairman of Citicorp.
Randomness is the fabric that weaves the interaction of everything virtually us. Since you can’t remove randomness from our affairs, you can’t get rid of the risk also. Peter Bernstein in his typesetting Against the Gods writes –
The essence of risk management lies in maximizing the areas where we have some tenancy over the outcome while minimizing the areas where we have veritably no tenancy over the outcome and the linkage between effect and rationalization is subconscious from us.
What does that midpoint to you as an investor? It ways you need to stave the game of regular dice and squint for the loaded dice. In other words, you should own those stocks/investments where your knowledge (in-depth research) and expertise make the environment less random.
Once you have taken superintendency of randomness, the second and increasingly important thing to remember is to minimize the impact, should randomness strike. This ways towers a ‘margin of safety.’ The greater the potential impact, the larger the margin of safety you may need.
Here’s Warren Buffett explaining the idea in very simple words –
If you understood a merchantry perfectly and the future of the business, you would need very little in the way of a margin of safety. So, the increasingly vulnerable the merchantry is, thesping you still want to invest in it, the larger margin of safety you’d need. If you’re driving a truck wideness a underpass that says it holds 10,000 pounds and you’ve got a 9,800-pound vehicle, if the underpass is 6 inches whilom the crevice it covers, you may finger okay, but if it’s over the Grand Canyon, you may finger you want a little larger margin of safety.
6. Get the Small Things Right
you must do just a few small things right to create wealth for yourself over the long run. Pat Dorsey, in his wonderful typesetting – The Five Rules for Successful Stock Investing – summarizes these few things into, well, just five rules –
- Do your homework – engage in the fundamental bottom-up wringer that has been the hallmark of most successful investors, but that has been less profitable the last few risk-on-risk-off-years.
- Find economic moats – unravel the sustainable competitive advantages that hinder competitors to reservation up and gravity a reversal to the midpoint of the wonderful business.
- Have a margin of safety – to have the willpower to only buy the unconfined visitor if its stock sells for less than its unscientific worth.
- Hold for the long haul – minimize trading financing and taxes and instead have the money to recipe over time. And yet…
- Know when to sell – if you have made a mistake in the interpretation of value (and there is no margin of safety), if fundamentals deteriorate so that value is less than you unscientific (no margin of safety), the stock rises whilom its intrinsic value (no margin of safety) or you have found a stock with a larger margin of safety.
If you can put all your efforts into mastering just these five rules, you don’t need to do anything fancy to get successful in your stock market investing. Of course, plane as these rules sound simple, they require tremendous nonflexible work and dedication.
As Warren Buffett says – “Investing is simple but not easy.” And then, as Charlie Munger says, “Take a simple idea but take it seriously.”
You just need a simple idea. You just need to yank a few small circles. And then you put all your focus and energies there. That’s all you need to succeed in your pursuit of rhadamanthine a good learner, and a good investor.
I believe that the process of working on the nuts (the small circles) of learning or investing over and over then leads to a very well-spoken understanding of them. We sooner integrate the principles into our subconscious mind. And this helps us to yank on them naturally and quickly without conscious thoughts getting in the way. This tightly ingrained knowledge wiring can serve as a meaningful springboard for increasingly wide learning and whoopee in these respective fields.
Josh writes in his typesetting –
Depth beats unrestrictedness any day of the week, considering it opens a waterworks for the intangible, unconscious, creative components of our subconscious potential.
The most sophisticated techniques tend to have their foundation in the simplest of principles, like we saw in cases of reading and investing above. The key is to make smaller circles.
Start with the widest circle, then edit, edit, edit ruthlessly, until you have its essence.
I have seen the benefits of practicing this philosophy in my learning and investing endeavors. I’m sure you will realize the benefits too, only if you try it out.
7. Follow the Owner, Not the Dog
8. Mauboussin on Investing Process
Michael Mauboussin recently reflected on his investing process in an interview with Frederik Gieschen. Here are a few wonderful snippets from the same –
“Great investors do two things that most of us do not. They seek information or views that are variegated than their own and they update their beliefs when the vestige suggests they should. Neither task is easy.”
On worldwide mistakes among analysts. “There was a letter from Seth Klarman at Baupost to his shareholders. He said, we aspire to the idea that if you lifted the roof off our organization and peered in and saw our investors operating, that they would be doing precisely what you thought they would be doing, given what we’ve said, we’re going to do. It’s this idea of congruence.”
What has he reverted his mind on? “When you start to understand the fundamental components of ramified adaptive systems, there’s no way to squint at the stock market the same way again, personally.”
On stuff an constructive teacher. “To be a unconfined teacher, an constructive teacher, it’s well-nigh stuff a unconfined student, be a unconfined learner yourself. And I think that comes through if you’re doing it well.”
Check out the interview here.
9. It’s Never a Market Crash Problem
It’s scrutinizingly unchangingly an –
- I don’t know who I am problem
- I don’t know how much pain I am willing to take problem
- I don’t have the patience to requite my stocks time to grow problem
- I bought on the tip of that popular social media influencer and did not do my homework problem
- I did not diversify well problem
- I bought the stock just considering it dipped problem
- I cannot resist my friends getting rich problem
- I love to fall in love with my stocks problem
- I cannot differentiate between stock price and intrinsic value problem
- I suffer from a buy at any price problem
- I borrowed to invest problem
- I invested the money I needed soon problem
- I don’t have time on my hands to see through market cycles problem
- I trade too much and too often problem
- I alimony watching and worrying well-nigh stock prices problem
- I will watch the market and my portfolio then without reading this post problem
And so, I must remind myself this at all times –
A market crash is ‘never’ the problem. ‘I’ am the problem, and I must sort myself out, considering that is only what I control. And if I can tenancy the ‘I’ better, a market crash will never be a problem.
10. Watch out for the streak of stuff right
Howard Marks of Oaktree Capital, wrote this in his seminal typesetting The Most Important Thing –
In manful markets – usually when things have been going well for a while – people tend to say ‘Risk is my friend. The increasingly risk I take, the greater my return will be. I’d like increasingly risk, please.’
The truth is, risk tolerance is dissimilar to successful investing. When people aren’t wrung of risk, they’ll winnow risk without stuff compensated for doing so… and risk bounty will disappear. But only when investors are sufficiently risk-averse will markets offer unobjectionable risk premiums. When worry is in short supply, risky borrowers and questionable schemes will have easy wangle to capital, and the financial system will wilt precarious. Too much money will ventilator the risky and the new, driving up windfall prices and driving lanugo prospective returns and safety.
Risk, which Marks and Warren Buffett have often specified as losing significant amounts of money and permanently, often moves in the same direction as valuations.
In other words, risk increases/decreases as valuations rise/fall. At the same time, upper valuations imply weak prospective returns, while depressed valuations imply strong prospective returns. Consequently, both Marks and Buffett suggest that risk is lowest precisely when prospective returns are the highest, and risk is highest precisely when prospective returns are the lowest.
Economist and investment strategist Peter Bernstein said –
The riskiest moment is when you are right.
In much of life, doing things right over and over then is a sign of skill. Consider chess players or expert musicians. They rarely make a wrong move or hit a wrong note. Also, the skill of one good musician does not cancel out the skill of other musicians, that is, it does not make it harder for others to be equally good. This is not true of financial markets. ‘Skilled’ investors’ deportment cancel each other out as they quickly bid up the prices of any bargains, which makes luck the main factor that distinguishes one investor from another.
Skill in investing shines through over the long term, but a streak of stuff right in the short term can make anyone forget how important luck is in determining the outcome.
Watch out for that streak of stuff right, dear investor.
11. What Makes a Market Price
The unstipulated question of the relation of intrinsic value to the market quotation may be made clearer by the pursuit chart, which traces the various steps culminating in the market price. It will be evident from the orchestration that the influence of what we undeniability tampering factors over the market price is both partial and indirect — partial, considering it commonly competes with purely speculative factors which influence the price in the opposite direction; and indirect, considering it acts through the intermediary of people’s sentiments and decisions. In other words, the market is not a weighing machine, on which the value of each issue is recorded by an word-for-word and impersonal mechanism, in vibrations with its specific qualities. Rather should we say that the market is a voting machine, whereon myriad individuals register choices which are the product partly of reason and partly of emotion.
Source: Ben Graham and David Dodd, Security Analysis
12. Jack Bogle’s Rules for Investing
Bogle argued for an tideway to investing specified by simplicity and worldwide sense. His typesetting The Clash of the Cultures: Investment vs. Speculation has 10 rules laid out in unconfined detail in Chapter 9, and they sum up the Bogle philosophy as:
Investing Versus Speculation
- Remember Reversion to the Mean
- Time Is Your Friend, Impulse Is Your Enemy
- Buy Right and Hold Tight
- Have Realistic Expectations: The Bagel and the Doughnut
- Forget the Needle, Buy the Haystack
- Minimize the Croupier’s Take
- There’s No Escaping Risk
- Beware of Fighting the Last War
- The Hedgehog Bests the Fox
- Stay the Course
13. Focus on the Risks You Take, Not the Returns You Make
In The Psychology of Money, Morgan Housel wrote this on the topic of luck vs risk –
Luck and risk are both the reality that every outcome in life is guided by forces other than individual effort. They are so similar that you can’t believe in one without equally respecting the other. They both happen considering the world is too ramified to indulge 100% of your deportment to dictate 100% of your outcomes.
They are driven by the same thing: You are one person in a game with seven billion other people and infinite moving parts. The willy-nilly impact of deportment outside of your tenancy can be increasingly consequential than the ones you consciously take.
Apply this to investing and you would realize that when you judge the financial success of others, and plane your own, you must not just squint at the returns made but moreover the risks assumed.
Doing well with money is, without all, is less well-nigh what you know and increasingly well-nigh how you behave. The older you understand and fathom it, the largest off your financial return will be over the long run.
But just stave dying early.
14. Decouple Your Ego from Outcome
There are negative connotations tying to the word ‘loss.’ It’s considered as a synonym to failure. The words loss, wrong, bad, and failure are all regarded as same. So when someone loses money in the stock market, he or she invariably equates it to stuff wrong. Similarly, when someone makes a profit, it’s unsupportable that the person was right. But in the stock market, stuff right and making a profit aren’t necessarily the same thing. And stuff wrong and incurring a loss aren’t same either.
Jim Paul and Brendan Moynihan wrote in their typesetting What I Learned Losing a Million Dollars –
Success can be built upon repeated failures when the failures aren’t taken personally; likewise, failure can be built upon repeated successes when the successes are taken personally…
Personalizing successes sets people up for disastrous failure. They uncork to treat the successes totally as a personal reflection of their skills rather than the result of capitalizing on a good opportunity, stuff at the right place at the right time, or plane stuff just plain lucky. They think their mere involvement in an undertaking guarantees success. This miracle has been tabbed many things: hubris, overconfidence, arrogance. But the way in which successes wilt personalized and the processes that precipitate the subsequent failure have never been unmistakably spelled out.
In other words, successes and failures get personalised when the ego gets involved. And bringing in the ego is the fastest way you can sabotage your investing.
The truth is that investment gains and losses are never a reflection of your intelligence or self-worth. In fact, investing is not well-nigh stuff right or wrong. It is well-nigh making decisions, without shielding consideration. That is where you sow the seeds of future outcomes, good or bad.
But an outcome is, well, just an outcome, never to be taken personally.
When you decouple your ego from a bad outcome, it creates an opportunity for you to learn from it.
When you decouple your ego from a good outcome, it saves you from future disasters.
15. Investing is a Problem-Solving Exercise
The increasingly I think well-nigh investing generally, the increasingly it looks like a massive problem-solving exercise. To succeed at this, you need to manage a series of concepts that may towards to be incompatible. The paradox is that any of these ideas — either side of the treatise — may be correct at variegated times.
The weightier investors are intellectually flexible but tideway their craft as a willpower with a specific process. They understand Probability Theorem but view mistakes as learning opportunities. They use a variety of Mental Models, many of which may occasionally contradict each other or lead to variegated results. They engage in second-order thinking, use counterfactuals, are enlightened of information hygiene. They possess a upper level of self-awareness regarding their own psychological states.
Source: Investing is a Problem-Solving Exercise by Barry Ritholtz
16. Investing’s Anti-Patterns
In most fields, studying the patterns of success is a standard way to learn. So when people come to financial markets they try the same approach. All new investors get rented investigating how successful investors made their money in the stock market. They want to know the secret overdue the winning strategies. But investing is a world of counterintuitive ways.
All successful investors and traders have made their money in widely varying ways and increasingly often than not, their strategies often contradict each other. If one market pro vouches for his or her winning method, flipside market savant would seem to oppose it ardently.
Jim Paul, in his typesetting What I Learned Losing A Million Dollars, wrote —
Why was I trying to learn the secret to making money when it could be washed-up in so many variegated ways? I knew something well-nigh how to make money; I had made a million dollars in the market. But I didn’t know anything well-nigh how not to lose. The pros could all make money in contradictory ways considering they all knew how to tenancy their losses. While one person’s method was making money, flipside person with an opposite tideway would be losing — if the second person was in the market. And that’s just it; the second person wouldn’t be in the market. He’d be on the sidelines with a nominal loss. The pros consider it their primary responsibility not to lose money.
The truth is that like there is increasingly than one way to skin a cat, there is increasingly than one way to make money in the markets.
Obviously, there is no ‘one’ secret way to make money considering the people who have achieved success in this game over the long run have washed-up it using very different, and often contradictory, approaches. But one big lesson that scrutinizingly all these people have well-set to settle for is this – Learning how not to lose money is increasingly important than learning how to make money.
Which ways if you are looking for success in investing, your chances are largest if you take the indirect approach, i.e., finding the ‘anti-patterns.’ In other words, finding ways which most often lead to losses and then urgently try to stave those patterns.
Some such anti-patterns include –
- Chasing performance
- Looking to get rich quick
- Ignoring market cycles
- Letting emotions guide decisions
- Failure to winnow mistakes and cut losses
- Venturing vastitude whirligig of competence
- Ignoring margin of safety
- Driven by FOMO – fear of missing out
The list is long, but the idea is simple. To win in investing, find the anti-patterns, and then try to stave them.
17. When Stock Prices Fall, Are You Happy or Sad?
If you plan to eat hamburgers throughout your life and are not a cattle producer, should you wish for higher or lower prices for beef? Likewise, if you are going to buy a car from time to time but are not an wheels manufacturer, should you prefer higher or lower car prices?
These questions, of course, wordplay themselves.
But now for the final exam: If you expect to be a net saver during the next five years, should you hope for a higher or lower stock market during that period?
Many investors get this one wrong. Plane though they are going to be net buyers of stocks for many years to come, they are elated when stock prices rise and depressed when they fall.
In effect, they rejoice considering prices have risen for the ‘hamburgers’ they will soon be buying! This reaction makes no sense.
Only those who will be sellers of equities in the near future should be happy at seeing stocks rise. Prospective purchasers should much prefer sinking prices.
Source: Warren Buffett, 1997 letter to shareholders
18. The Secret of Investing
If you haven’t figured out your temperament, the stock market is a very expensive place to find out. A long term view requires an worthiness to stomach lattermost short term market volatility. If you can’t do that, you may want to move your money to other instruments like wall stock-still deposits and liquid/debt funds.
Jason Zweig wrote in a post on The Wall Street Journal –
In order to capture the potentially higher returns that stocks can offer, you have to reconcile yourself to the certainty of horrifying short-term losses. If you can’t do that, you shouldn’t be in stocks — and shouldn’t finger any shame well-nigh it, either.
That’s the point. If your inner voice tells you that you are not wired to do well in stocks because, may be, you are not whiz at merchantry wringer or you are too emotional with stock prices or you just do not have the time, you must stay yonder from uncontrived stock picking, and not finger any shame well-nigh that.
But if you are in the arena, it’s largest to prepare for problems, expect that your portfolio will occasionally be ‘stormed,’ and get used to such storms. Any market crash won’t finger scary then, just considering you would start unsuspicious that as an integral part of your journey of wealth creation.
The secret of investing is that there is no secret. It’s staying the course.
The moment you get it, you wilt what Ben Graham would undeniability an ‘intelligent investor’ who is destined to do well over the long run.
19. Investing in Uncertain Times
…is scrutinizingly unchangingly increasingly profitable than investing when everything seems certain.
Investors, like most people going well-nigh their daily lives, don’t like doubts and uncertainties – like the Covid-19 pandemic, or the Russia-Ukraine crisis. So, we would anything we can to stave it.
Of course, it’s a good idea to stave entirely what you can’t totally get your mind around, successful investing is largely well-nigh dealing well with uncertainties.
In fact, uncertainties are the most fundamental condition of the investing world.
Seth Klarman wrote in Margin of Safety –
Most investors strive fruitlessly for certainty and precision, lamister situations in which information is difficult to obtain. Yet upper uncertainty is commonly accompanied by low prices. By the time the uncertainty is resolved, prices are likely to have risen.
Investors commonly goody from making investment decisions with less than perfect knowledge and are well rewarded for validness the risk of uncertainty. The time other investors spend probe into the last unanswered detail may forfeit them the endangerment to buy in at prices so low that they offer a margin of safety despite the incomplete information.
What Klarman suggests is that if you need reassurance and certainty, you’re giving up quite a bit to get it. Like upper fees to experts who would predict the future (which you falsely believe as certainty, which it isn’t), or expensive prices for stocks (because everyone knows their future is clear, which often isn’t).
On the other hand, if you can get in the habit of seeking out uncertainty, you’ll have ripened a unconfined instinct. Plus, in the long term, it’s highly profitable.
20. Need for an Investment Premise
When you buy a stock, or any investment, you must have a premise – the foundational reason(s), the ‘why?’ for its place in your portfolio – not a narrative that you try to forcefully fit in to what’s hot and in the limelight.
A premise is a reason why a stock will go up over the long run, because the underlying merchantry will grow profitably considering the management will intrust wanted efficiently, and the market will value that merchantry at current or higher multiples. A narrative, on the other hand, is usually a story you try to fit in to justify why a stock will go up, which is largely because it has gone up in the recent past, and you probably have once made up your mind to own it, and now you cannot go when considering you have once single-minded to the idea in your mind.
Like a storytelling premise, an investment premise moreover has three elements – the protagonist (you), your goal (wealth creation, or financial freedom) and the obstacles you may squatter (your emotions of greed, fear, and envy, or the investment going bad).
Without a sound premise, the protagonist of a story may end up with wrong goals and wrong solutions. It will be a flop. In the same with, without a sound investment premise, you may end up owing just a ‘stock’ that you would flip in the next few minutes or days, not an ‘investment’ that you would be willing to own for a few years so that it contributes to your journey of wealth megacosm and financial freedom.
21. The Five Most Irrelevant Facts of Stock Investing
Look at the pursuit chart. This is a stock’s price plus four other “irrelevant” facts that phlebotomize most investors when they consider their investments.
These four irrelevant facts are –
- Price the stock sold at its all-time high,
- Price you paid for the stock,
- Price the stock quoted at its highest since your purchase, and
- Price as on today
None of these matters when you are deciding what to do with your stock investment today. The only thing that matters is where the underlying merchantry stands today and where its earnings and mazuma flows may reach 5-10 years lanugo the line.
Of course, in the long run, stock prices are representative of the value created by businesses. But they are just that, representatives.
Actual value does not gets created in the world of stock market, but in the world of business.
In fact, like Mr. Bogle said, “the stock market subtracts value, due to all the financing we pay to play the game.”
One of those financing include the stress you take looking at your stock prices, which are plain irrelevant.
So, in short, stave looking there. Squint instead at the businesses you own, the managements that run them, and the value they may create over time.
22. Why Green-eyed is a Really Stupid Emotion
Comparing yourself to others is a perfectly normal human instinct. It’s like comparing notes in a typesetting club – you want to know what everyone else is talking well-nigh and how they’re feeling, so you can join them in the conversation. But this comparison isn’t unchangingly positive. Some people are increasingly successful than others, some have increasingly money than others, some squint largest than others – and it’s easy for these differences to lead us into envious rages when other people seem to be doing largest than us at something we superintendency well-nigh (like making money or looking good).
Charlie Munger calls, green-eyed as a “really stupid sin considering it’s the only one you could never possibly have any fun at. There’s a lot of pain and no fun.”
I believe it’s stupid to be envious considering of two increasingly reasons. One, green-eyed leads us to want things (or people) for the wrong reasons. We want it considering someone else has it, not considering we need it.
Two, when we are envious of others, we want just those parts of their lives that squint good – upper net worth, big house, popularity etc., while not moreover wanting their nonflexible work, sleepless nights, insecurities, mistakes, tragedies, sorrows, loneliness, injuries, etc.
By separating desire from demand, we can uncouple from our green-eyed and instead be grateful for what we once have.
The next time you finger envious, remember that the root of this emotion is feeling like you don’t measure up to someone else. This is a natural part of life, but it’s not healthy or productive. Expressly when you are an investor.
23. Focus on What’s Increasingly Important
Some equations of life I try to live by and that have helped me through my struggles, internal and external –
- Observing > Seeing
- Listening > Hearing
- Health > Wealth
- Compassion > Anger
- Kindness > Wisdom
- Love > Hate
- Forgiveness > Vengeance
- Truth > Facts
- Empathy > Judgement
- Giving > Receiving
- Courage > Intelligence
24. Learn to Listen to Your Inner Voice
Vinod Sethi said this in the second episode of The One Percent Show as one of the lessons he learned early in life –
When people ask me what books I read, or books I recommend reading, I ask them to spend some time listening to their inner voice, their inner guide, their inner compass. It is out there working and kicking and people should try to listen to it as much as they would like to read other things.
I am not discouraging people from reading other things. I am not saying that, but you need to combine that with what works for you.
25. Learn to Get Withal with People You Disagree With
Morgan Housel said this in the fifth episode of The One Percent Show as one of his advices to youngsters on the skills they need to strop to do well in the coming decades –
I think the most undervalued skill is learning how to get withal with people that you disagree with. And this is getting increasingly important with technology considering it used to be, not plane that long ago, 10-20 years ago, that most people lived inside their own frothing – their own political bubbles, their own religious bubbles. They just interacted with people who were like them, in their home, in their work, their friends.
Your sphere of influence in your social group was really tight in your local community. And now considering of social media, your social group might be all over the world. You and I are talking in variegated continents right now. Like the kind of things that didn’t happen 10 or 20 years ago, but now we do it all the time. And considering of that, you’re much increasingly exposed to the views of people you disagree with.
The difference of views has unchangingly existed. We’re just enlightened of them now considering of technology. And in that world, there’re basically two options. One, you can get increasingly angrier that other people think differently than you, and you have no worthiness to transpiration their views. And that makes you wrestling and cynical. Or two, you can learn how to get withal with people who disagree with you. Now, there’s unchangingly going to be situations where people you disagree with so fundamentally that it’s just not going to work.
26. Re-Reading Good Books is a Unconfined Idea
The books we read are important considering they wilt part of who we are. They requite us ideas and inspiration, help us understand the world virtually us, and help make sense of our own lives. Books can be so much increasingly than just entertainment or escapism — they can be an invaluable tool for growth and learning.
It’s rare these days to have time to really think tightly well-nigh books and ideas. We are bombarded with information, rented with work and family, social media and technology — and plane when we’re not doing anything else at all. So it’s important that you re-read good books from time to time if only so that you can remember what they taught you in the first place.
Re-reading is an exercise in worsening your understanding of yourself and the world virtually you. When we re-read something, we see it from a variegated perspective, and that can help us see things we might have missed the first time around.
Re-reading books is unconfined for multiple reasons –
- You re-learn ideas that you learned the last time you read the book
- You learn new ideas you missed the last time
- You get a endangerment to re-look at how you processed a given idea in the past compared to now
Someone asked on this tweet well-nigh the typesetting I have re-read the most. It is How to Stop Worrying and Start Living, closely followed by Poor Charlie’s Almanack.
27. Stock Market is a Distraction to Investing
28. Know What You Don’t Know
29. Principles of Intelligent Investing
30. Optimise for Happiness, Not for Returns
31. Market Hits You Where it Hurts the Most
32. Iron Rules of Life and Investing
33. An Investor’s Moats
34: Translating to a Young Investor
Read – Part 1, Part 2, Part 3.
35: Remember the Sturgeon’s Law
May moreover wield to this post.
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I’m so grateful to have you share this journey with me in 2022, and squint forward to standing our connection in 2023, whatever it may bring.
Stay happy and healthy.
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